区块链与航运业

Tony 提交于 周一, 2017-09-11 - 00:28

在知乎上被问到一些有关区块链与航运业的东西,我试着学习并按照自己的理解回答一下:

  • 区块链技术在航运界的运用,会带给企业哪些好处?

According to the research of Maersk, single shipments can require sign-off from 30 unique organizations and up to 200 communications, by implement of blockchain technology, huge communications can be saved, and the documentation/information flow will be more security.

  • 若有坏处,对企业的运营造成的最大影响是什么?或者最先被影响到的是哪个方面?

The investment in new technology is a huge money for the shipping industry, seldom carriers would have such budget in IT infrastructure.

  • 在交易的过程中,使用区块链分别对供应链管理者,海运承运人,港口以及海关机构有哪些好处?

For the shippers, the blockchain technology can reduce the cost of documentation flow, and avoid the risk of failure of the delivery of paper documentations.

For the carriers and terminals, the blockchain technology can help the digitized information interchange among trading partners more efficiency in a secure channel.

For the customs, the blockchain technology can provide a cross-check solution to varies of certificates/licenses in real time.

  • 在实际的区块链操作过程中,交易平台中的各个节点可能会面临哪些问题和风险?

Blockchain technology will lose some flexibility in terms of special handling, taking cargo release as example, customer can pick up cargo against a copy of Sea Way Bill(customer can settle the freight later as they’re credit customer), which can be download from the carrier’s online service portal at the early stage of shipment. But Blockchain request some “computing” with different participants to a shared ledger, if one participant is failure to update on time(if the financial department failure to update a “credit” record into the blockchain), will result in delay of cargo delivery.

  • 您对于区块链在物流和供应链的发展前景怎么看?

All technology has a main goal in supply chains management, such as zero stock and agile manufacturing. Blockchain technology must prove itself that it can provide an appropriate solution to optimize one of these key factors.

  • 区块链的核心技术是去中心化。若使用在物流以及供应链中,传统的第三方物流公司是否会被取代?

I don’t think 3rd party logistics will be replaced, customer need the cargo delivery with physical move at the end of the day, Blockchain can not be the actual role who deliver the cargo.

  • 第三方物流公司是否有可能利用区块链技术?

Smart contract is one of key concept in Blockchain, 3rd party logistics company can use their platform to provide more flexible service for the small shippers who have not yet implied the Blockchain.

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